The Implementation of Urban Transport Policy in the Klang Valley
This paper analyses the implementation of urban transport policy in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. It demonstrates how the outcome of urban transport policy is dependent upon the attempted implementation of the policy in the face of knock-on effects of the prevailing political scenario, socio-economics conditions, cultural background, and the structure and availability of requisite resources. It also shows how policy developed and implemented (or not implemented) from the combined influences of several actors in the decision-making arena. Interviews was utilised as the main research instrument. Through the examination of the practices, attitudes and beliefs of those working in the transport related field have shed some light on the relationship between agencies and the impact that these have upon policy process. Other than the interviews, these examinations involved investigating the history and current status of the policy development and implementation obtained through an examination of government and other documentation, archival records, and observation. The results indicate that four factors influenced urban transport policy implementation in the Klang Valley, which are institutional issues, political issues, cultural and ideological issues, and finally, policy issues.
Keywords: Policy Analysis, Urban Transport, Implementation, Klang Valley
Raja Noriza Raja Ariffin
Lecturer, Faculty of Economics and Administration