Gender and Citizenship Participation in Empowerment Programmes in Agriculture for Poverty Alleviation in Cross River State

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The poverty and illiteracy rates in Nigeria and most developing nations have been associated with low level of economic development of these nations. Consequently, both men and women have strategic felt needs which have to be satisfied if the country ever hope to eradicate poverty among its households and citizens and as well as meet the United Nation Development Goal on poverty reduction. The present Federal and State democratic administrations in Nigeria have been providing empowerment programmes especially in agriculture aimed at reducing poverty by encouraging citizen’s participation in a variety of programmes. However, established gender stereotypes have tended to affect effective participation in these programmes. Therefore, this paper examines the extent to which gender and citizen’s participation in empowerment programmes has influenced the success of small holder’s scheme in oil palm and cassava cultivation in Cross River State of Nigeria.


Keywords: Gender, Citizenship Participation, Empowerment Programme, Agriculture, Poverty Alleviation
Stream: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Gender
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: Gender and Citizenship Participation in Empowerment Programmes in Agriculture for Poverty Alleviation in Cross River State


Prof. Arikpo B. Arikpo

Senior Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar
Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr Arikpo B. Arikpo, a Nigerian with University education obtained from Nebraska University system, USA (1975-1984). Has been a lecturer in the Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria since 1986 till date. Other positions held were; Director Government Agency for Adult and Non-Formal Education; Coordinator University of Calabar Distance and Extra- Mural Studies Programmes and Head, Department of Adult and Continuing Education. A member of many academic and service organisations and a recipient of many honors and awards from Nigeria and USA. My hobbies are farming, current affairs and adult empowerment programmes development. Married with children.

Dr. Roseline E. Tawo

Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar
Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Holder of a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) Degree in Elementary Education, Masters of Education (M.Ed) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph D) Degrees in Guidance and Counselling from University of Calabar, Calabar where I am now teaching Guidance and Counselling, Adult Psychology, Women Education courses and other related courses. She is a trained Home Economist. I taught for 12 years in a number of Secondary Schools in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria. Worked for 5 years as a Research Officer and served as the Head of the Department of Research and Statistics in the Local Government Education Authority, Calabar. Functioned as the Coordinator of the B.Ed Adult Education Consultancy Programme. A Course Adviser, teach and supervise student’s projects work. Served as an Examination Officer and the Industrial Attachment Coordinator. I am a member of several Professional Associations, which among them include: The Counselling Association of Nigeria, The Nigerian Society of Educational Psychologist, World Council of Curriculum and Instruction, Nigerian National Council for Adult Education, National Association for Women Academics among others. Has attended several conferences and published papers in many Professional Journals both internationally and locally. Have articles in books and also a co-author of a book on psychology. I have skills in sewing, knitting, crocheting, bead making and other crafts. I am married. I am an honest, hardworking, dedicated lady who maintain standard in all I do.

Dr. Marcellinus U. Ojuah

Senior Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar
Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Holds a Ph.D in Adult Education from University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Currently a senior lecturer at University of Calabar. Belongs to three learned societies (NNCAE, CAETA, MNAEP) Involved in CBO/NGO activities.

Ref: I08P0018