Anthropological Contributions to the Study of Climate Change: Current Research and Future Directions
Climate change is one of the main global challenges of the 21st century. To date, research on climate change has been dominated by the natural sciences with a focus on understanding the short and long term trends in climate change, their impacts on human and ecological systems, and the measures required to mitigate these effects. This paper argues for a greater role for the social sciences in the study of climate change, focusing on past and present contributions of Anthropology to our understanding of human-nature interactions. It reviews the Anthropological research and policy literature on climate change, looking at how human societies have adapted to climate change and variability and the implications of such research for development policy and planning. It concludes with a discussion of ways in which anthropologists can work more effectively with natural scientists, policy makers and impacted communities.
Keywords: Climate Change, Anthropology, Adaptation, Development Policy and Planning
Dr. Bob Pokrant
Associate Professor, Curtin University of Technology