Belief and Devotion to God Based on the National Philosophy of Education Amongst Malaysian Secondary School Teachers

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The National Philosophy of Education (NPE) (1987) is the most important document that guides and reinforces the direction and goals of education in Malaysia. With the belief and devotion to God as its main principle belief, this document serves as the most important guideline in accomplishing the educational aim of the country. That is, to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious, based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. This paper seeks to discuss the findings of a study conducted on twelve Malaysian secondary school teachers engaged in various subjects on their belief and devotion to God. This qualitative and naturalistic study uses the interview method to solicit the teachers’ belief and devotion to God. The findings show that this belief is accepted by the teachers although they are faced with several constraints in fully implementing it.


Keywords: National Philosophy of Education, Malaysia, Teachers’ Beliefs, Devotion to God
Stream: Education and Social Welfare
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Belief in God Based on the National Philosophy of Education amongst Malaysian Secondary School Teachers


Dr. Habsah Ismail

Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Selangor, Malaysia

A senior lecturer at Universiti Putra Malaysia in the discipline Philosophy of Education. Has been teaching the courses, Philosophy of Education, Introduction to Philosophy and Epistemology at the university. My research interests focus on teachers' professional development, teachers' belief and practice, educational policies and changes. Had participated in several international seminars and conferences and presented papers based on findings of reseraches conducted in these areas.The proposal submitted is part of the reserach findings on the secondary school teachers' belief in Malaysia on the belief and devotion to God which is the central tenet of the National Philosophy of Education, Malaysia.

Dr. Wan Zah Wan Ali

Assoc. Professor, Department of Foundations of Education
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

An Assoc. Professor in Educational Technology at the organisation

Hapsah Nawawi

Department of Science and Technology in Education, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Assoc.Professor in Home Economics

Ref: I08P0220