A Dialogical Approach to the Construction of Knowledge

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Dialogue provides a way of communicating with another human being in a meaning-making process. In this sense, meaning-making can be considered a socially constructed process resulting in insightful constructs that create symbols via a means of conveying ideas or information, and such abstractions can be considered to be a dynamic force in teaching and learning. In a Bohmian dialogue (Bohm, 2004), there is a complementary way to achieve this level of understanding, involving a depth of self-reflexivity and consciousness not many socialized peoples want to attempt, much less experience. In David Bohm’s model of dialogue, there is not a focus or goal or outcome, it is also about the process of deconstructing our individual and collective ways of knowing, to co-construct new, or shared ways of knowing. This paper examines Bohm’s initial conceptions of dialogue, and the expanded notions of dialogue being practiced in alternative organizations of teaching and learning. The claim is that there is a lack of “authentic” dialogue taking place between Western and non-Western ontological and epistemological perspectives, but also within those contexts in the Western academic tradition itself. It is proposed that such dialogical exchanges can, and perhaps are, creating greater communication and a more participatory, critical consciousness.


Keywords: Dialogue, Consciousness, Knowledge Construction
Stream: Education and Social Welfare
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Stacey Duncan

College Instructor, Department of Curriculum and Instruction
Language, Literacy and Culture Program
Teacher Education Program, New Mexico State University

Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA

I currently hold an M.A. in Education with an emphasis in Curriculum and Instruction and a minor in Communication Studies. I am an ABD/PhD candidate in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico USA. Throughout the last four years of my doctoral work I have taught undergraduate and graduate courses in Language, Literacy and Culture/Reading Pedagogies and Educational Learning Technologies, in person and online. I am responsible for instructing pre-service and in-service students who are pursuing a teaching licensure or an M.A./teaching licensure from the state of New Mexico.

Ref: I08P0358