Aboriginal Welfare Policy in Australia: Has Welfare Intervention Helped or Hindered?
Since white settlement of Australia in 1788, the Aboriginal population has struggled to prosper. The Aboriginal community remains a conspicuously disadvantaged minority group, and decades of federal and State government welfare policies have not prevented alcoholism, domestic violence and unemployment from undermining life in Aboriginal communities. In fact, the Aboriginal social structure which remained viable for 60,000 years seems to have been quite unable to withstand 60 years of state welfare policy. Significant policy reform is needed if the Aboriginal people are to be better able to participate in modern life and prosperity. Distortions in labour,capital and other markets are considered, and policy solutions from Friedman, Stiglitz and Sen perspectives are offered.
Keywords: Australian Aboriginal Well-Being, Welfare Policy, Welfare Reforms, Market and Government Failures, Discrimination
L. A. Duhs
Senior Lecturer in Politics and Sociology, Business, Economics and Law Faculty, University of Queensland