Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Success and Need of Achievement, Locus of Control, Social Networking, and Educational Level of Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia Entrepreneurs in Kelantan

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This is a descriptive correlation research. Data were obtained from 350 micro credits entrepreneurs from a population of 1016 Amanah Ikthiar Malaysia entrepreneurs in Negeri Kelantan. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of questions soliciting demographic information, level of entrepreneurial success, questions assessing achievement need, locus of control, social networking, and risk-taking. Achievement need was measured using questionnaires adapted form Manifest Need Questionnaire. Locus of Control was measured using Rotter’s Locus of Control Scale and risk-taking was measured using Risk-taking questionnaires. In general, the majority of AIM entrepreneurs are moderately successful. The majority of them have medium need for achievement, locus of control, risk-taking, and social networking. The study showed there was a significant relationship between entrepreneurial success and social networking ( χ 2 (4, 350) = 23.711, p <.05). However, other relationships between entrepreneurial success and level of education ( χ 2 (6, 350) = 4.338, p > .05), need for achievement ( χ 2 (4, 350) = .252, p > .05), locus of control ( χ 2 (4, 350) = 1.507, p > .05), risk-taking ( χ 2 (4, 350) = 6.436, p > .05 were not significant.


Keywords: Micro-Enterprise, Entrepreneurship
Stream: Education and Social Welfare
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Prof. Ab. Rahim Bakar

Professor, Department of Science and Technical Education,
Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

A dean of education and a professor

Suhardi Salleh

Affiliation not supplied
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Ref: I08P0400