Assessing Prosocial Behaviors and Drug use Among High Risk Adolescents: Artistic and Academic Interventions

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Violence in schools is a widespread social issue among adolescents (Banyard, Cross, & Modecki, 2006; Herrenkohl, McMorris, & Catalano, 2007). Especially for at-risk students, school violence has a negative impact on learning, social welfare, and potential for success. After-school programs addressing these and other problems have gained popularity in recent years (Molina, Dulmas, & Sowers, 2005). Linked in part to changes in funding mechanisms, these programs have grown in both size and scope. There is a relative dearth of controlled studies in this literature despite the fact that funding programs increasingly mandate the use of evidence-based programming, In this paper, the authors present a comparison study of the effects of an afterschool intervention comprised of artistic and academic programming for high-risk young adolescents. Results indicated that those in the intervention group showed less emotional distress and more protective attitudes against violence and drug use. While overall suspension rates were not different than a nonintervention control group, students in the intervention group were somewhat less likely to be disciplined for violent behavior or drug use. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for the use of evidenced-based practice in adolescent afterschool programming.


Keywords: Adolescents, Arts Education, School Violence, Prosocial Attitudes, Comparison Study
Stream: Psychology, Cognitive Science and Behavioural Sciences
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Daniel C. Johnson

Assistant Professor and Assistant Chair, Department of Music, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Wilmington, NC, USA

Assistant Professor Daniel C. Johnson, Ph.D., is the Assistant Chair of the Music Department at the University of North Carolina-Wilmington. He teaches applied tuba and euphonium studies as well as courses in music education, music technology, and the Honors Scholars Program. Johnson is a certified Orff-Schulwerk instructor and multi-instrumentalist with over dozen years of teaching experience. Dr. Johnson has performed as principal tubist with the Wilmington Symphony Orchestra, the Long Bay Symphony, and the UNCW Faculty Brass Quintet. He also performs and directs the UNCW Early Music Consort. A frequent presenter at regional, national, and international conferences, Johnson has published articles in: The Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, Contributions to Music Education, The International Journal of the Humanities, The International Tuba and Euphonium Association Journal, The Kindermusik Educators Journal, The Australian Band and Orchestra Directors Association Journal, The Queensland Kodály News, and on-line at Musicstaff.com. The second edition of his textbook, Musical Explorations: Fundamentals Through Experience, is published by Kendall-Hunt.

Dr. Caroline Clements

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Wilmington, NC, USA


Ref: I08P0048