Second Chance for Out-of-school Youth in Lagos Metropolis: A Call for Economic Empowerment Cum Sustainable Development

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Economic empowerment is receiving increasing attention as an important intervention to address part of the problem of sustainable development. Although a great deal of emphasis has been placed on literate youths, youths out of school have received less attention and are rarely found in government programmes. This paper described a study that was conducted in Lagos, Nigeria to assess the impact of economic empowerment on sustainable human development. This study is based on primary survey data collected in Lagos between 7th and 21st of April 2006 from 200 youth (boys and girls) aged 10 – 24. The sample, a one-stage purposive sampling, is representative of the city of Lagos. This stage involves the use of accidental sampling to select respondents around the Oshodi Motor parks. The target sample size was 200 individuals. The individual based questionnaire schedule consists of 60 questions that were distributed into six sub-sections. To complement the questionnaire, focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were conducted. On the whole, eight FGDs and IDIs sessions were conducted. The rationale behind this triangulation was to attain some residual certainties about the issues under study.

The study found that 71.5% of the youths were males and a smaller proportion was females. Furthermore, it was found that individuals aged 20-24 years of age constitute the majority of 42%. It was also found that a crop of these youths were migrants from nearby states like Ogun, Osun and Oyo.

The study found that youths out of school are engaged as load carriers, vulcanizers and road –side mechanics. The study also revealed that these youths will like to be trained. It was also discovered that those that have previous vocational training are not practicing them and those practicing are not satisfied as a result of non-availability of work tools and venture capital. Though these youths exert much physical effort but the returns in terms of income is insignificant. The consensus among the youths is that economic empowerment in the form of vocational training , skills enhancement and the provision of work tools and seed money will better their lot and enable them contribute in a more meaning way to national development.


Keywords: Economic Empowerment, Sustainable Development, Out-of-school Youth
Stream: Politics, Public Policy and Law
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Adedeji Saheed Oyenuga

lecturer, Department of Sociology, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos, Nigeria.
lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

I am a doctoral student at the university of Ibadan and a lecturer in the department of sociology, Lagos state University. I was born on the 1st of August in the year 1979. I studied sociology at the department of sociology, faculty of social sciences, lagos state university for a first degree in sociology and studied at the university of ibadan for a master's degree in sociology with a bias in social problem, deviant behaviour, with criminology and penology. i have many works in this area.

Ref: I08P0485