Expected Tendencies in Public Procurement
There is a tendency in the European Union: administrative corruption lessens while political corruption in all its smallest aspects maintains its existence and corruption in public procurement still marks new mechanisms. If administrative corruption exists in the stage of political implementation, then political corruption lasts when senior state officials adopt laws or develop and implement policies in their parties’ interests in order to hold the power, increase their wealth and authority. The conclusion is that corruption preventing and combating institutions in cases of corruption prevention in public procurement have to choose what is the most essential – to regulate administrative corruption that is much more predictable, or increase discretion of state and municipal officials by diminishing administrative corruption.
The most serious factors promoting corruption in state and municipal procurement are inability to ensure true transparency in public procurement procedures, lack of ethical norms, imperfection in legislative acts and uncontrolled activities of state officials. There are intentionally caused factors for promoting corruption, though corruption is not being exterminated. The offences concerned with bribery are latent; therefore it is difficult to resolve those complicated offences. The both parties involved – the briber and the grafter profit somehow and are interested in an offence that would be latent and without witnesses.
Keywords: Political Corruption, Administrative Corruption, Public Procurement, State Officials
Ph.D., Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Politics Science, University of Latvia