A Life Skills Intervention Program for Adolescents: Contextual Approach

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Adolescence is a fascinating period of life that marks a transition from being a dependent child to becoming an independently functioning adult. There are marked differences observed in gender and settings of adolescents in India. The socio-cultural context encourages gender discrimination, a predominant feature of Indian patriarchal society. Acquiring life skills to face the daily challenges of ones life becomes essential for an individual. The present research focused upon planning and implementing a life skills program for adolescent girls from a low-income context with specific focus on developing self -awareness, self- esteem and confidence along with communication and decision making skills and to inculcate gender awareness and sensitivity. An action research method was employed to impart life skills training to a school going group of adolescent girls. A pre-test and post-test design was adopted to assess the impact of the life skills intervention program. The program was thus implemented with girls (N=33) of higher secondary section, in the age group 16-to-17 years in Vadodara city, India. The tool used was a self- administered questionnaire, comprising of open-ended as well as close-ended questions. These questions were drawn from the domains like self concept, self esteem, decision making, gender awareness and assertive communication. Data collection for the pre-test was done and the post-test data was carried out a week after the completion of the life skills intervention. The same questionnaire was administered to ascertain the knowledge and understanding of the different domains, as a result of the life skill intervention program. Statistical and qualitative analyses were carried out. The questions were scored and t-tests were computed to compare the pre- and post- test scores. The study has shown evident changes at the level of understanding among adolescent girls. The program could create an understanding about the gendered practices of socialization influencing individual roles and responsibilities and restricting progress and self-growth. They could understand about assertive communication and could realize difference between the aggressive and assertive communication.

With the success and changes observed among the adolescent girls in the present study, it becomes important to conduct more of such action based research program that benefit the adolescents towards enhancing their strengths and potentials.

Keywords: Life Skills, Self Awareness, Communication, Gender Descrimination
Stream: Psychology, Cognitive Science and Behavioural Sciences
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Dr. Sangeeta Chaudhary

Senior Lecturer, The Department of Human Development and Family Studies
Faculty of Home Science, The M.S.University of Baroda,Vadodara,India

Vadodara, Gujarat, India

I have done M.Phil and Ph.D in the field of Human Development and Family Studies.I am working in the area of research(since 14 years) mainly with the age group of adolescence,parenting concerns, interpersonal relationships and psychosocial issues related to the phase.I am also a diploma holder in guidance and counseling and highly interested in counseling the people seeking help.Have guided nine students for their Masters' thesis.I have seven publications on my name.In my teaching career i have taught several courses such as Growth and development, Theories of Human Development,Communication skills,Understanding ones's own self, Family dynamics and many more.I have organised few workshops and am being called as resource person in various seminars and conferences.

Dr. Bhamini Mehta

Lecturer, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The M.S.University of Baroda
vadodara, gujarat, India

She is Lecturer in the department working in the area of reproductive health of adolescents and life skills program.

Shagufa Kapadia

Professor, Department of Human Development and Family Studies 
Faculty of Family and Community Sciences, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

Baroda, Gujarat, India

I am a professor of Human Development and Family Studies at the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, India. My primary interest and experience is in cross-cultural research, with the scholarly goal of generating culturally sensitive perspectives on development and behavior. The specific research areas include cultural conceptions and practices of parenting, cultural context of social support and reciprocity among young adults, adolescent and youth socialization, morality, and gender issues. I am engaged in two cross-cultural projects with partners in the U.S. and Japan on the topics social support and morality. I am also the principal investigator of an interdisciplinary project which is aimed at understanding the interface between gender and health using different disciplinary perspectives.

Ref: I08P0501