Exploring Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation During a PhD completion with the aid of Principal Components Analysis: The Case of Greek PhD Students
This paper aimed at discussing the issue of motivation focusing on PhD students that undergo the transitional phase from undergraduate to postgraduate studies. Motivation is proved to be necessary when a long-term goal such as obtaining a PhD degree is involved. In particular, this study document Greek PhD students’ beliefs and positions toward supervisors’ role as a tutor, mentor and consulter concerning intrinsic and extrinsic motives creation that directs one’s behavior during a PhD completion. A sample of 263 PhD candidates filled in the Academic Motivation Scale. The results of Principal Components Analysis indicate motivation, regardless of the type, to be o of great importance to the students’ academic achievement. Some students can be highly influenced and motivated by extrinsic motives than intrinsic motives and vice versa.
Keywords: Extrinsic, Intrinsic, Motives, PhD Students’, PhD Degree
Dr. Sofia D. Anastasiadou
Lecturer, Department of Preschool Education, University of West Macedonia
She is currently a Lecturer of Applied Statistics and Educational Research in the Department of Preschool Education at the University of Western Macedonia in Greece. Apart form Statistics and Mathematics Education in Primary, Secondary and Higher Education her research interests are also focused in the Analysis and Interpretation of Multivariate Data for Social Science. Sofia Anastasiadou has published several papers in Greek, European and International Scientific Journals.