Task Selection or Reality Construction: Cross-cultural Validation of a Thinking Style Inventory
This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Australian and Chinese versions of the Thinking Styles Inventory (TSI) within a framework of reality construction (Sofo, 2005). The TSI is a fifty-item self-report questionnaire consisting of five subscales (Conditional, Inquiring, Exploring, Independent and Creative) that require respondents to rank order their thinking style preferences. The significance of thinking styles and their theoretical foundations are discussed alongside the theory of reality construction proposed by Sofo. TSI data were used from two samples: 153 Australians and 561 Chinese respondents. Both samples consisted of a mix of leaders from educational institutions, government and private enterprises as well as tertiary students. Reliability analyses were conducted for the TSI using Cronbach’s alpha and Pearson inter-correlations for each of the five subscales of the TSI in order to determine support for the theory of reality construction. Factor analysis was used to identify the variables in each of the subscales of the TSI and to determine their integrity. The analyses indicated general support for both the Chinese and Australian versions of the TSI and its five subscales as being distinctive. Other theoretical and practical suggestions are made in relation to the TSI and its application.
Keywords: Thinking Style, Survey Questionnaire, Reality Construction, Factor Analysis, Reliability Analysis
Prof. Francesco Sofo
Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Canberra