Metaphor and the Development of Pragmatic Competence
Language development among pre-school children will take place in all aspects of the language especially pragmatics, for instance, the ability to tell stories and semantics, understanding the meaning of the language widely including the abstract forms. Their vocabulary will be widened and thus, enable them to construct long and complex sentences and building up words using correct affixes. Language development at pre-school age is more creative, whereby the language creativity is enhanced by the surroundings, experiences, plus the metaphor that was developed in film and many other language activities. They use their developed language creativity when they communicate with friends and people in their society. Among the pragmatic competence that they have developed are pronoun, similes and metaphor language. Therefore, in this study, focus will be on the language usage in children speech. The aspect of the language usage will converge on the use of symbol language used by the children to convey message, depict mind and emotion. In this study, the sample of study is 25 Malay pre-school children. The method of study is observation. The language data are recorded during their morning dialogue session, story telling, games and their morning tour around the kindergarten. The collected data was analyzed using the pragmatic theory, the theory of Relevance.
Keywords: Language Development, Metaphor, Pragmatic Competence, Pre-school
Dr. Zaitul Azma Zainon Hamzah
Lecturer, Department of Malay Language, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Prof Dr. Normaliza Abd Rahim
Lecturer, Department of Malay Language