Intimate Partner Violence among Migrant and Seasonal Farm Workers and Their Families in Southeastern North Carolina

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Migrant farm workers are at risk for high levels of stress developing mental health problems such as depression and alcohol abuse, resulting in increased incidence of IPV. The purposes of the study are to 1) assess attitudes about IPV and levels of stress, depression and alcohol use; 2) identify individual and social factors which influence attitudes about IPV, and 3) examine relationships between attitudes of IPV, stress, depression, and alcohol use among migrant and seasonal farm workers and their families in southeastern North Carolina.

Three bilingual data collectors visited migrant camps, health departments, churches and homes in Southeastern North Carolina. A face to face interview method was used to collect the data on: demographics; attitudes about IPV; Migrant Farm Workers Stress Inventory (MFWSI); CES-D (depression); and CAGE/4M (alcohol abuse). SPSS (version 15) was used to analyze the data.

A total of 291 participants completed the surveys. The findings indicated that a large proportion of participants reported high levels of stress which were associated with depression, alcohol use and increased incidence of IPV. Attitudes on IPV are multifaceted, influencing each other with increased levels of stress, depression, and alcohol use. These findings provide a framework to better understand IPV and furthermore suggest culturally sensitive interventions.

Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), Seasonal and Migrant Farm Workers, Attitudes about IPV, Levels of Stress, Depression and Alcohol Use, Influences on Attitudes about IPV, Advanced Practice Nurses
Stream: Sociology, Geography
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: Intimate Partner Violence among Migrant and Seasonal Farm Workers and Their Families in Southeastern North Carolina,

Dr. Jane A. Fox

Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Wilmington, North Carolina, USA

Pediatric nurse practitioner for 30 years. Fulbright Scholar in 2004 in El Salvador. Author of four textbooks for advanced practice nurses and several chapters in various texts. Content expert and editor of Mosby's PNP On-line Certification Review Course. Member of an interdisciplinary group to study and publish on interpersonal violence. The group recently applied for center status, Center on Violence Studies (CVS). I have published on family violence and presented on child abuse. Recently, with Dr. Soo Kim-Godwin, completed a research project on seasonal and migrant farm workers.

Dr. Soo Kim-Godwin

Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of North Carolina Wilmington
Wilmington, North Carolina, USA

Dr. Kim-Godwin’s research is in in the area of transcultural and community health nursing. Her scholarship in this area includes approximately ten publications in peer-reviewed journals and texts, and numerous research grants in this specialty. She has expanded her research interests into the area of interpersonal violence. Since the inception of the Center for Violence Studies (CVS), an interdisciplinary group at UNCW studying violence, she has been an active participant in publications and the design and analysis of research activities. Additional publications include the public health issues of HIV/AIDS in rural North Carolina, patterns of violence in homeless women, and health problems for the homeless. She developed a Model for the Delivery of Culturally Competent Community Care in 2001. Dr. Kim-Godwin has received four grants to support community health initiatives and to support her research on intimate partner violence. Additionally, during her tenure at UNCW, Dr. Kim-Godwin has received several grants to develop and or enhance on-line education.

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