Towards a Framework for an Integrated Industrial Effluent Management System: A Case Study on the River Buriganga, Bangladesh

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Industrialization, a prerequisite for socio-economic development of any country, comes at a great cost to the environment and the society. However, the growing consciousness at the global level has produced a new concept of pollution management in different sectors of economic activities around the world. In the new concept, conventional industrial effluent control which focuses on ‘command and control’ approach is being replaced by market and participatory based proactive approaches. This paradigm shift has been of success in many industrialized and developed countries. However, so far the response to the new concept in developing countries, including Bangladesh is mixed and at the same time lots of confusions and disagreements exist regarding the formulation of strategies for industrial effluent control in those countries. The Buriganga river of Bangladesh, which has been chosen as a case study for this research, is of great economic importance to Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh and is threatened by excessive industrial pollution. The once mighty River Buriganga, which has been the centre of great social, political and economic expansion for the last four hundred years, is now a ‘dying’ river and the situation will worsen unless alternate management systems are adapted urgently to reverse the trend. This issue is analyzed in this paper through an interdisciplinary approach which integrates social, economic and environmental dimensions holistically. Firstly, the paper presents a review and evaluation of the existing industrial effluent control system in Bangladesh. Secondly, the potential of an integrated industrial effluent management system are discussed, and a management framework is recommended for improving process performance and reliability. Institutional capacity and limitations for efficient industrial effluent management are also addressed in this study. The methodology of this research includes collection of basic background data pertaining to industrial water pollution control practices through content analysis and direct observation.

Keywords: Industrial Effluent, Integrated Management, Bangladesh
Stream: Economics and Management
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: A Review of Management Instruments for Water Pollution Control

Md. Ashiqur Rahman

PhD Candidate, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, The University of Sydney
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Mr. Md. Ashiqur Rahman has multidisciplinary academic background in Environmental Management and Environmental Engineering. He did his Masters degree (1997) in Environmental Engineering from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka, as well as his graduation (1993) in Civil Engineering from the same university. He achieved his second Masters degree (2000) with AusAID scholarship in Environmental Management and Development from the Australian National University (ANU), Canberra. Mr. Rahman has more than twelve years of research, teaching and engineering professional experience. He has been serving as a Senior Lecturer with the North South University (NSU), Dhaka, Bangladesh since 2001. Before joining NSU, Mr. Rahman served in the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) of Bangladesh for about five years in different capacities from research to execution of engineering projects. Mr. Rahman also received an academic excellence award in year 2000 from the National Centre for Development Studies (NCDS) of the Australian National University for his outstanding result in the Masters Program. Currently he is on a study leave from the North South University and is pursing PhD in Environmental Management at the University of Sydney, Australia with ALA scholarship. He is expected to complete the Doctoral research by March 2011.

Ref: I08P0625