Architectural Making Between Husserl, Merleau-Ponty and Levinas: An Ethical Platform for Architectural Education
Whereas traditionally right conduct on the part of the architect implied loyalty to a patron and to a craft-guild, in Modernism ethics came to constitute a major component of the normative approach of architecture towards form and design principles. Since the 1960s, this approach has been severely criticized for its contents. However, the conviction that architecture needs an ethical backbone has persisted unequivocally.
This paper suggests that prior to form and design principles, which necessarily vary in place and time, an ethical disposition should be cultivated that relates architecture to a larger sense of life.
The paper outlines a platform for such an ethically-oriented architectural disposition, rooted in the triple cornerstone of "I", "The Other" and "Thing" - major phenomenological concepts in the writings of Husserl, Levinas and Merleau-Ponty. lthough these universal concepts are ultimately irreconcilable, they are strongly recommended as part of architectural education precisely because architectural acts are so particular and specific.
Keywords: Ethical Disposition, Architectural Education, Phenomenology
Assoc. Prof. Iris Aravot
Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology