Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar: An Ecocritical Investigation
The intended enterprise concentrates upon an ecocritical assessment of Julius Caesar (1601). The interconnection between Nature and man's destiny has been vividly depicted in this play. The analysis has been carried out keeping in mind the common problems related to Nature/environment, race, colour, class and gender. The philosophical and physical affiliation of Nature in human life is also envisioned. The placement, features and identity of the characters along with their multidimensional functions are intertwined in every manner with their stagnancy or dynamism in their own environment. The ecocritical study of Julius Caesar heads towards inferring that an entity and its functions should conform to the principles of ecology in order to maintain a balanced eco-human relationship or else, chaos and disorder would reign and ruin all. The endeavour has equally focused upon horrors and menace of materialistic civilization instrumental in polluting, corrupting and disrupting the eco-environment, thus, aggravating ecological imbalance. Further, the anti-natural conservatism and prejudices prevailing and ruling in the man-made society against the biological world’s equity and impartiality has been highlighted too. The study simultaneously projects the aftermath of ecocidal and eco-friendly practices based upon the evidences supported by multiple incidents are projected in the play. Nature, in order to preserve the order and harmony, grants her fellow creatures opportunities and freedom to function and err, assesses them with the touchstone of bionomical principles, gives them chance to rectify through a set of warnings and finally do the editing by either severely punishing those who deliberately and callously decline to be ecological or reforming them into Nature-amicable entities with the aid of her own forces. The survey exhibits that there is more encounter than coordination between man and Nature. In an ideal situation, man must learn to adapt like Nature. Cultural values of human beings should be eco-supportive. Mere materialism and consumerism would lead man to an inauspicious disjunction from Nature, which will result into man’s destruction. Nature’s depletion would result in her aridity and this is bound to be disastrous for man. Man can be regenerated and rejuvenated only through Nature. Thus, Nature establishes herself as the ultimate and inevitable vanquisher and the resurrectionist.
Keywords: Ecocritical Investigation, Julius Caesar, Eco-Human Relationship
Research Scholar, Department of English, Rani Durgavati University
Prof. Madhumalati Adhikari
Emeritus Fellow, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IITDM