Social Sciences in Iran: Specific Privileges and Main Challenges
It was only towards the very end of the nineteenth century that social science became part of the academia. There were, however, many academics in social science; but they were not trained as social scientists. Furthermore, it was between roughly 1890 and the 1920s social science became a recognized discipline in universities. Social science did not become what we know it to be today until roughly the 1960s and 1970s. Nowadays, the social sciences are a well-established part of the structures and culture of academia. In other words, from roughly 1970s through 1990s social science and social knowledge has been organized around an academic culture of disciplines in all over the world and all of the disciplines in social sciences have their own subject matter, methods, problems and theories.
Social science is, at present, a broad interdisciplinary and blended cognitive concept that is gradually becoming a new whole paradigm for all academic subjects around society and human beings. Nevertheless, the weight and position of social sciences is not synchronic and contemporary in all over the world’s academia spheres and realms. In the other words, there are, academically and unacademically, a huge gap and gulf between social sciences in developed and developing countries. Nevertheless, social sciences in developing spheres have some special privileges and main challenges too. The article aims to discuses on main privileges and problems of social sciences in Iran, as follows:
• The special characters of social sciences
• The meaning of indigenous studies in social sciences
• The significant privileges of social sciences
• The main challenges of social sciences
• The main strategies for development of the social sciences.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Indigenous Studies, Privileges and Challenges, Developing Realms, Developed Realms
Ali Khorsandi Taskoh
Faculty member, Institute for Social and Cultural Studies, Ministry of Science