Changes to Temporal Approaches in the Workplace
The article discusses the changes in perception of time in contemporary workplaces. Based on a historical perspective, the paper argues that temporal linearity is an inseparable part of modern management, even in cases calling for a more flexible approach (Hochshild, 1997). Scheduling is considered as the main tool of symbolic control in knowledge-intensive work (Kunda, 1992; Perlow, 2004). By desribing the perception of delays and schedules from the point of view of employees (and not managers), the paper reveals the shift in understanding timing in contemporary corporations (Adam, 1998; 2006). Premodern, modern and postmodern understanding of schedules is discussed (Le Goff, 1960; Zerubavel 1981). The bifurcation of working time (Jacobs and Gerson, 2001) and its consequences are explained. Schedules are described as the main defining category of contemporary organizations.
Keywords: Time, Workplace, Schedules, Timing, Work-family Balance, Deadlines, Software Engineers, Programmers, High-tech, Knowledge-intensive
Dr. Dariusz Jemielniak
Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Kozminski Business School (LKAEM)