Approaches and Perspectives in the Studies of China's Urban Poverty: A Literature Review
The paper reviews a wide range of literature on urban poverty in China. This topic began to attract academic attention in mid-1990s. In the marketization, the old socialist system in China, which included full employment and comprehensive social welfare for urban citizens, has been replaced by an establishing labor market and a socialized social security. The time lag between the old and new systems has thrown a large number of retrenched state workers and migrant workers into poverty and then concentrated the poor in particular areas or communities of city. Although there is impressive progress on identifying and measuring poverty, insiders' view had been largely neglected and outsiders/experts dominated the research process in most studies. Besides, effective policy recommendations on anti-poverty and social security have seldom been suggested. Recent research in other countries proves that multidisciplinary approach could provide fresh and innovative perspectives on multidimensional poverty. Hence this is necessary to address the deteriorating urban poverty in China and to reveal its dimensions and characteristics under different conditions.
Keywords: China, Urban Poverty, Review of Studies
PhD Candidate in Economics, Department of Economics