Conceptualizing Water Research in Central Asia
The land reforms initiated after the independence of the Central Asian states have led to the breakdown of large collective farming units into numerous smallholder farmers. The water management in Central Asia is hierarchically organized and centrally controlled. WUAs were formed in all countries (except Turkmenistan) to fill the gap in irrigation water management at former collective farm level. This is the level where the state meets with water users, here newly emerged land owners – farmers and other water users compete for water. This is the level where the water distribution becomes more of a social activity. Therefore WUAs are the best-fitting unit for socio-technical analysis. Generally, four domains of interaction can be identified at the WUA level: local government –WUA, water management organizations (WMO) – WUA, WUA – water users (farmers), and water users – water users. Although very significant research has been done on socio-technical aspects of irrigation water management, it does not cover geographically former Central Asian countries with large scale irrigation.
Keywords: Water Sector, Network, Irrigation System
Khorezm Project, ZEF-UNESCO, Center for Development Study, ZEF,Bonn, Germany
In May 2001, Dr.Iskandar Abdullaev was offered a position Water Management Specialist, in the newly opened IWMI office in Central Asia and Caucasus Suboffice. Since 2005 he was promoted to the Regional Researcher position at Tashkent office of International Water Management Institute.
Since 2007, april Dr.Iskandar Abdullaev is senior researcher at Center for Development Studies, Bonn, Germany.