Estimating Water Consumption for Improved Water Management: Case Study of Rawalpindi City, Pakistan
Asia in general and Pakistan in particular are facing the global reality of water shortage. Rawalpindi, being one of the major cities of Pakistan, is facing acute shortage of water due to increased population, urbanization coupled with low infrastructure development investments and lack of efficient regulatory regimes. Water and sanitation agency (WASA), a public sector organization, is responsible for providing water, both for domestic and industrial use and sanitation facilities in Rawalpindi city. Their water sources include Rawal lake, Khanpur dam and underground water. According to WASA statistics, 70% of the population is being served with water at 40 gallons per capita per day. However, in the absence of any metering system, water availability, consumption and wastage can not be accurately determined. Moreover, according to WASA, not supported by any statistical data, 50% of the supplied water is being wasted. In the last few years, due to low rainfall, per capita availability of water has been drastically affected. In order to meet the soaring water demands WASA has planned to arrange additional water from Indus River System (Ghazi Brotha Project) and constructing another water storage facility at Chirah. Presently data on consumption and wastage of water is not available and the figures by WASA have been subjectively determined. This study will estimate per capita water consumption based on fact finding conducted in the areas where water is being supplied by WASA. This study will help WASA in managing water resources more efficiently.
Keywords: Water Management, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA)
Mr Shoeb Khan
Manager, Analysis Wing, Pakistan Defence Services
Manager, Marketing and Supply Division, Aviation Spares
Dr. Nadeem Ehsan
Acting Chairman, Engineering Management, Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering (CASE)
College of Engineering, Risalpur, Pakistan. He worked on various instructional
and Project assignments till 1987. He Completed two Masters and a Ph.D degree
from Univ of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA, in 1993, and started working on
technology management projects in Government sector. He got one of the highest
lifetime national award "Presidential Pride of Performance" in the field of
Engineering in 2002. He has also been involved in teachng graduate courses of
Engineering Management in CASE. He is supervising many Ph. D Students."