Towards Equitable Postwar Reconstruction: An Adaptable Framework for Infrastructure Selection Tested in Sierra Leone and Liberia

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Two West African countries, Sierra Leone and Liberia, have served as case studies. Fuzzy techniques have been used to develop a rule-based model which integrates five frameworks (sustainable capacity, donor procedures and protocols, current infrastructure situation [i.e., scale of destruction], government national priorities, and coordination effectiveness) into a single framework. The results of the integrated model provide inputs for an integer optimization model for the purpose of comparative evaluation of different municipalities against seven categories of infrastructure (education, health, water and sanitation, administration, security, transportation, and recreation and social activities), which can then be used to allocate limited resources to competing municipalities. The findings have indicated that the five frameworks, to varying degrees, do contribute to the selection process. As a result it has been concluded that the study does in fact assist decision-makers in allocating resources within devastated municipalities. The ultimate outcome is quality-of-life enhancement for citizens and communities.

Keywords: Postwar Reconstruction, Infrastructure, sustainability, Dono, Fund Allocation, Fuzzy Logic, Hamming Distance, Analytic Hierarchy Process
Stream: Technology and Applied Sciences
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Dr. Mohamed Al-Hussein

Associate Professor, Construction Engineering and Management
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta

Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Dr. Al-Hussein is interested in project management, including resource, facility, equipment, procurement management, as well as project cost control and claims analysis. He is also interested in computer modeling with regards to business process modeling and data modeling in construction. Currently he is at work on a project which utilizes 3D-Solids CAD modeling, object oriented methodology, and information management systems with regards to construction automation. The CAD model, prepared by the architect, integrates with other external information systems, such as databases, using object-oriented methodology. This research is intended to expand in the knowledge that exists in the field of construction automation

John Bundu Fofanah

Post Doctoral Fellow, Construction Engineering and Management, University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Responsible for the assessment of construction material waste and investigating the potential for utilizing materials in recycling and implementing concepts of sustainable development. Other activities include: Assist construction industry in the development of best-practice guidelines and concepts for sustainable design and assist in minimizing construction material waste products, Assist in the establishment of common standards and design of specifications for civil engineering projects, production and installation practices, Participate in developing and managing process improvements in the production, delivery and site assembly of concrete panels, Provide detailed analysis and assessment recommendations for projects involving local and national building construction codes and permitting processes and Instruct, guide and supervise Graduate and Co-operative Students in preparing documentation, publishing, cataloging and dissemination of research findings.

Ref: I08P0797