How Are Teachers Using ICT in Malaysian Secondary Schools?

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The integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning activities in Malaysian schools as an innovation was started more than a decade ago. For that purpose, a large amount of money and effort was provided by the federal government to provide the appropriate ICT facilities and training for teachers in schools. However, past researches had indicated that in general the level of ICT use in teaching and learning among teachers was low. This study was conducted to determine the extent and nature of ICT usage by secondary school teachers in the teaching and learning process. Specifically, in the study the nature of ICT application usage were categorized into, using ICT as a ‘tool’, ‘tutor’ or ‘tutee’. The results of analysis showed that a majority of the teachers used ICT merely as a ‘tool’ while a smaller percentage used ICT as a ‘tutor’ or ‘tutee.’ Among teachers who use the ICT applications, overall frequency of usage as a ‘tool’ was 88.7 times per year, while 8.8 times for usage as a ‘tutor’ and less than one time a year for usage as ‘tutee.’


Keywords: ICT Applications, Nature of ICT Use, Frequency of ICT Use
Stream: Education and Social Welfare
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper:


Mdm Fariza Khalid

Academic staff/tutor, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia


Dr. Mokhtar Hj Nawawi

Lecturer, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr Mokhtar is a lecturer in instructional technology and presently the Head, Dept. of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia. He studied instructional technology/instructional design and development and obtained his doctorate from Syracuse University, New York. His research interest include designing effective instruction, integration of instructional technology in teaching and learning, and conditions facilitating use of technological innovations in instruction.

Dr. Samsilah Roslan

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Ref: I08P0816