Analysis of Crime Prevention Strategies for Sustainable Governance in South Africa

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Crime has a negative impact on the sustainable governance of any country. This paper examines the causes and impact of crime in South Africa, a new democratic state that is fighting to establish a moral society based on democratic values and social justice. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the cost-benefit approaches in South Africa to prevent crime. Crime pervades South African society through horrendous acts of murder, rape, armed robbery and heists, drug trafficking, corruption and white-collar criminal activities. The state has identified challenges such as lack of financial capacity and human skills to deal with crime, inadequate information regarding statistics of crime, backlog of cases, lack of institutional approaches, and strategies for planning and monitoring. To overcome these challenges the government has adopted an integrated justice system approach to develop cooperation and coordination between relevant departments. This approach may be significant in dealing with the pressure of severe impact of crime with variety of processes and interdependent links to achieve a common goal of combating crime. The country also has a National Crime Prevention Strategy that consists of four pillars namely: re-engineering the criminal justice system, reduction of crime through environmental design, promotion of community values and education, and trans-national crime for regional cooperation. The paper analytically reviews the pros and cons of the strategy and offers recommendations for improvement of existing challenges.

Keywords: Crime, Strategy, Sustainable Governance
Stream: Politics, Public Policy and Law
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Analysis of Crime Prevention Strategies for Sustainable Governance in South Africa

Prof. Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad

Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Management and Administration, North-West University
Vanderbijlpark, Gauteng, South Africa

Dr. Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad obtained her Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Rajasthan, India. She is specialized in Public Administration with additional qualifications in Business Management and Public Relations. She was a Research Fellow at the York University in Canada. She has authored three books and contributed chapters to books. She has published 26 research papers in accredited and non-accredited journals. She has presented 37 research papers in conferences in South Africa, India, Japan, Namibia and United Arab Emirates. She is a life-member of nine professional bodies of Public Administration and Higher Education in India and South Africa. Her main research areas of interest are service delivery, public policy, gender issues and governance.

Prof. Ernest Peprah Ababio

Head of Department, Department of Public Management and Administration, North-West University
Vanderbijlpark, Gauteng, South Africa

Ernest Ababio obtained the D Litt et Phil in Public Administration with University of South Africa. He is an Associate Professor and Head of Public Management and Administration at the Vaal Triangle Campus of North-West University in Vanderbijlpark, South Africa.. .The lecturing and research interests of Ernest are in Public Policy, Local Government, Public Finance and in Regional Integration. Ernest has authored a number of articles in refereed and accredited journals in these specialized research areas. Prof Ababio has attended and participated in numerous local and international conferences in Public Management and Administration. These include conferences on European Community Studies in Africa; and on African Union and NEPAD. Ernest sits as member and chair of a number of committees for municipalities and is involved in organization of workshop and short courses for councilors and municipal officials..

Ref: I08P0083