Coping Strategies and Well-Being for Victims of Crime

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Currently, there is no generally accepted paradigm that examines coping strategies and levels of stress for victims of crime. This study investigated the influences of appraisal and victim experience on coping strategies with the ensuing well-being experienced from an integrated theoretical perspective) in an effort to ascertain the psychological implications of experiencing a criminal victimization The coping strategies of 175 victims of crime (86 violent and 89 non-violent) were assessed within one month following the crime event. Social support and levels of distress (depression, anger, anxiety and stress) were examined. Significant differences were found between victims of different types of crime. Additionally, a degree of distress that warrants treatment was found together with an association between particular coping strategies and symptomatology. Social support was also evaluated.The results suggest that although certain coping responses may vary by crime type and may serve as initial indicators of high levels of distress, common responses do not appear to significantly facilitate well-being.

Keywords: Crime Victims, Coping, Social Support, Distress, Well-Being
Stream: Psychology, Cognitive Science and Behavioural Sciences
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Dr. Diane Green

Associate Professor, School of Social Work
Florida Atlantic University, Florida Atlantic University

Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, USA

I received my PhD in Social Work from the University of Texas at Austin. I am currently employed by the School of Social Work at Florida Atlantic University in Jupiter, Florida. Prior to faculty appointment at FAU, I served as Clinical Director of Child/Adolescent Inpatient, Partial Hospitalization and Outpatient Services for a Behavioral Healthcare Center as well as a program administrator for a Foster Care agency. This clinical experience provided a basis for my teaching, research and service. My research elaborates on the fruitful application of the stress-appraisal coping theory as applied in the field of social work. The purpose of my research is to modify the current model from focusing on coping deficits and negative outcomes to a focus on subjective positive personal outcomes. In this line, I am developing ongoing insights in an elaborated theoretical model in which the view of the stressor as a psycho-trauma, and the need of a renewed comprehensive meaning-giving life scheme will be integrated. My research and scholarly interests include stress and coping, grief and loss, with a major focus on all facets of criminal victimization. My focus is on assessment, treatment and evidence based practice.

Ref: I08P0084