A Qualitative Study of the Interplay between the Development of the Counseling Profession and HIV/AIDS in Kenya, Africa
Volunteer counseling and testing clinics (VCT) have been shown to be an effective platform to introduce information on HIV/AIDS to individuals (VCT efficacy study, 2000). The forum of VCT’s allows information on preventative measures to be given to individuals with AIDS and also provides knowledge of how AIDS is spread and how people can protect themselves, even if they are HIV-negative. A study to determine the efficacy of VCT’s discovered that after visiting a VCT men and women where more likely to use condoms in future sexual encounters even if they were HIV negative at the time of their visit (VCT efficacy, 2000).
In Kenya, the use VCT’s for HIV counseling has become an established practice. Over the past five years, the number of VCT’s has been increasing at an incredible rate. In 2000, there were 3 sites that provided VCT services, in 2005, 680 VCT clinics in Kenya were visited by an estimated 545,000 individuals (Marum, 2006). This paper explores the views, needs and knowledge of two focus groups conducted with trained counselors during the Kenya Association of Professional Counsellors’ 6th Annual International Conference. This paper discusses the findings of an interdisciplinary team of researchers in the fields of Education, Counseling, and Anthropology.
Keywords: Volunteer Counselling Clinic, VCT, HIV, AIDs, Africa, Kenya, Focus Group, International Conference
Dr. Muthoni Musongali
Assistant to the Chair, Department of Seducational Studies, University of Central Florida
Dr. Edward Robinson
Doctoral Sctudent, Academy for Teaching, Learning and Leadership, University Of Central Florida