Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviours towards the Environment among Primary School Students at Low Socio-Economic Levels
The environmental education processes included in primary school period after kindergarten period have a determining role in shaping children’s perceptions about the environment they live in. Therefore, it is certainly true that only an effective environmental education programme can enable children, who will be adults in future, to know their natural environment meaningfully and correctly and to gain protective attitudes and behaviours. The fact that especially the children who have an education in the metropolitan city centres do not have opportunities to know their natural environment well enough through their own individual experiences increases the importance of the environmental education.
In this study, investigating the students’ knowledge levels, attitudes and behaviours about natural environment is aimed at to reveal their environmental education needs. Thus, a questionnaire form with four parts was prepared to reveal the subjects’ demographics, environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours towards environment.In view of the increasing inequality of educational opportunities among the students with distinct socioeconomic levels, it can be suggested that the educational needs of the lower class are not met sufficiently in the field of the environmental education as in the general educational processes In this research, the 7th grade students of the primary education schools, affiliated to the Ministry of National Education, in the districts of the low socio-economic level were selected as the sample.
The data were collected through the aforementioned sampling for the questionnaire, which was developed by the researchers. The variable independent of gender was dealt with and its effect on the environmental knowledge, attitudes and behaviours was analyzed with “t-test.” The test results indicated that there is no significant differences among environmental knowledge, attitudes,behaviours and gender of students in low socio economic level.
Keywords: Environment, Environmental Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours, Adolescents
Associate Professor Doctor, Lecturer, Department of Social Work
University of Ankara, Agriculture Faculty, School of Home Economics; 16.11.2000 Phd. Research Assistant, University of Ankara, School of Home Economics. She has gained name of the “Associated Profesor Doctor” about “Social Work” from onward 03.04.2006: 17.03.2008 :Lecturer (Assoc.Prof.Dr.) University of Ankara, Faculy of Health Sciences, Departmant of Social Work. RESEARCH TOPICS
Consumer, Consumer Education , Consumption and Environment, Waste and Environment, Values. She has some articles and books published, regarding Consumer Sciences and Environment.
Assoc.Prof.Dr. Eda Purutcuoglu
Dr. Research Assistant, Department of Family and Consumer Science, School of Home Economics, University of Ankara, Turkey, University of Ankara