The Role of Vocatıonal Educatıon in Increasıng the Employment of Women in Turkey
Although the participation of women in the work force varies with the level of education, whether the woman lives in a village or the city, the number of children in the family, and the level of income of the family, researches conducted in various countries show that participation in the work force by women generally has positive effects.
Today, with science and technology moving very rapidly, we need well-educated and skilled individuals more and more. It is important to elevate the level of education in order to be a part of the changing professional structure and to contribute to the national economy in this manner, and to benefit from the development.
The basic function of a vocational training is to provide sufficient vocational skills in keeping with the requirements of the market and to develop the individual in multi-disciplines by using the work as a tool. Today, work constantly changes with the scientific and technological developments. This change affects the purpose, the contents, teaching and learning strategies, the duration, the tools used in the vocational training, and the elements of evaluation. The rate of technical skills based on knowledge increase in the realization of the work. The effect of the differences in gender is reduced
in employment with the changing of the works and the qualification of the individual for the requirements of the work come to the foreplay. In other words, the employment of the female workforce is proportional with the compatibility of her qualifications to perform the requirements of the profession. Progress of the vocational training of the workforce in harmony with the requirements of the work life will positively contribute to an increase in the employment of the female workforce.
In this study, the emploment of women in vocational training in Turkey was examined and recommendations were made.
Keywords: Vocational Education, Employment of Women, Workforce
Asst. Prof. Melda Özdemir
Assistant Professor Doctor, Decorative Arts Branch of Science
Asst. Prof. Dr. K. Özlem Alp
Assistant Professor Doctor, Vocational Painting Education Branch of Science