Reinventing Social Capital for Environmental Justice: Preventing Violation of Contract in Waste Management
Environmental justice seems to be a waning fighting zone between privatized service provider and the people. Privatization for waste management is a profitable business, in which the stakes are the people and the environment. While the contract of government-private sector partnership is legal; the rest of the term of reference is tacit and psychological. It is actually a tripartite exchanged commitment between the government as the regulatory body and the corporation, as a service provider with people as consumers. People invent their social capital to prevail over challenges of living and increased commitment to improve their lifestyle. Yet, signs of non-commitment are evident. They appear in illegal dumping of waste, open burning, vandalism of public properties, etc. If the offenders are people, they are merely sending their coded messages as manifestation of dissatisfaction towards violations of promised services. In a worst case scenario the perpetrator is the privatized agency, which failed to uphold the responsibility once executed by the government. Environmental justice is embedded as part of a social contract with the society, which the corporation has the moral obligation to honour. Reinventing social capital, today, is not an option but obligatory terms of reference for environmental justice.
Keywords: Environmental Justice, Social Capital, Violation of Contract, Privatization, Waste Management
Dr. Siti Korota Aini Omar
Associate Professor, Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies, MARA University of Technology
Noriati Mat Som
Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Survey, MARA University of Technology