Wives' and Husbands' Help Seeking Behavior for Pregnancy Health: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

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Visiting a health worker during pregnancy is a major concern of any Safe Motherhood program. Using health services has important influences on pregnancy's outcome. In Developing countries, there are many barriers which prevent pregnant women from visiting a health worker. In Indonesia, pregnancy care is still women's responsibility. Husbands do not always accompany their pregnant wives to go to a health worker. Most researchers have focused on pregnant women's behaviors. Only some researchers have examined the help seeking behavior of husbands with a pregnant wife. This study examined the intended and performed help seeking behavior of pregnant women and their husband in Indonesia as a function of the predictors postulated by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model. This study was prospective in design. Participants were 620 pregnant couples of six regions differing in estimated Maternal Mortality Ratio in 1999(MMR99). The results indicated that TPB model could predict the intention of pregnant wives to seek help from a health worker and predict the intention of husbands to 'mengajak' (ask and accompany) their wife to visit a health worker. But, the TPB model was not able to predict wives' and husbands' actions. The main predictor of the wives and husbands' behavior was their partners' behavior. It showed that the wives' and husbands' behavior were not independent.

Keywords: The Theory of Planned Behavior, Safe Motherhood, Help Seeking Behavior
Stream: Psychology, Cognitive Science and Behavioural Sciences
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
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Dr. Margaretha Sih Setija Utami

Lecturer, Psychology Faculty, Soegijapranata Catholic University
Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Margaretha Sih Setija Utami was born on the 22nd of February 1965 in Klaten, Central Java, Indonesia. She graduated in 1990 from Psychology Faculty of Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. In the same year, she started working in Soegijapranata Catholic University, Semarang. Since 1992, she focuses her studies on health psychology area. She graduated Master Program at Health Studies Faculty in the Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta in 1996 by writing her thesis about effectiveness of group discussion on improving vegetable consumption of adolescents. In 1996 and 1997, she took short course in Belgium about managing health psychology research. In the beginning 2002, she started taking a doctoral program at the Psychology Department in Radboud University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands. On 29th October 2007 she finished her doctoral program by writing dissertation with title “Pregnancy and Giving Birth in Couples from Central Java: Contributions from Psychology to Safe Motherhood”.

Ref: I08P0930