Wives' and Husbands' Help Seeking Behavior for Pregnancy Health: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior
Visiting a health worker during pregnancy is a major concern of any Safe Motherhood program. Using health services has important influences on pregnancy's outcome. In Developing countries, there are many barriers which prevent pregnant women from visiting a health worker. In Indonesia, pregnancy care is still women's responsibility. Husbands do not always accompany their pregnant wives to go to a health worker. Most researchers have focused on pregnant women's behaviors. Only some researchers have examined the help seeking behavior of husbands with a pregnant wife. This study examined the intended and performed help seeking behavior of pregnant women and their husband in Indonesia as a function of the predictors postulated by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) model. This study was prospective in design. Participants were 620 pregnant couples of six regions differing in estimated Maternal Mortality Ratio in 1999(MMR99). The results indicated that TPB model could predict the intention of pregnant wives to seek help from a health worker and predict the intention of husbands to 'mengajak' (ask and accompany) their wife to visit a health worker. But, the TPB model was not able to predict wives' and husbands' actions. The main predictor of the wives and husbands' behavior was their partners' behavior. It showed that the wives' and husbands' behavior were not independent.
Keywords: The Theory of Planned Behavior, Safe Motherhood, Help Seeking Behavior
Dr. Margaretha Sih Setija Utami
Lecturer, Psychology Faculty, Soegijapranata Catholic University