International Migration as Livelihood: A Case Study on Abdullahpur Village in Bangladesh
During the last few decades, changes in international migration patterns have greatly affected the families of migrant workers. Especially, short-term, temporary migration from developing and under-developed countries has become an important means of securing a sustainable livelihood. The present study explores this issue from the perspective of migrant workers' families. To fund their migration, people spend their savings, sell their property, or borrow money from formal or informal sources. Risks and difficulties are also involved in the process of migration. People are often cheated by the brokers or employment agencies that facilitate migration. However, almost all respondents think that international migration is the most sustainable means of securing an income. Remittances are the main income source for a significant number of households. Migrant’s households use these remittances for family expenses, such as food, healthcare, and education. High unemployment, a lack of a secure business environment, and other socio-economic factors influence young people’s decisions to become migrant laborers; many young people decide to go abroad by any means possible. The present study follows a mixed method approach to data collection and analysis. Three-month intensive fieldwork was conducted to in Abdullahpur village in the Munshiganj district of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Formal and informal interviews, case studies of key informants, and a short questionnaire were the principle techniques used for collecting data.
Keywords: International Migration, Livelihood, Abdullahpur Village, Remittance
Md. Aminul Islam Sumon
Ph.D. Student, Department of Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology, Chonbuk National University