The Role of the Community in HIV/AIDS Education and Sexual Behaviour of Secondary School Students: A Study of a Rural Community In Ekiti State, Nigeria
This study investigates the knowledge of rural secondary school students and community members of HIV/AIDS and the study also assessed sexual behaviour of the students. It further investigates the attitude of community members to sex education. Data were collected from 100 secondary school students using a structured questionnaire to elicit their responses on their knowledge of HIV/AIDS and sexual behaviour. The study shows that the students have adequate knowledge of HIV/AIDS, their major source of information being their friends/peer groups this was followed by the radio. The findings also revealed that students between ages 8-12 years have had sexual intercourse. The Focus Group Discussion (FGD) design was used to elicit responses from 85 community members who turned up for the research. Their responses were analysed qualitatively. Results show that parents are also adequately aware of HIV/AIDS and that it can be acquired through sexual intercourse. Community members especially the Faith-based organisation were not favourably disposed towards sex education but they invariably agreed that sex education could be introduced to the curriculum if the contents of the curriculum is scrutinised and if parents may given option or choice of participation. Based on the findings several recommendations are made one of which is the integration of sex education into socio-cultural practices such as pubertal rites and coming-of-age ceremonies.
Keywords: Rural, Secondary school, Sexual Behaviour
Dr. Modupe Adeola Adelabu
Associate Professor and Head of Department, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Obafemi Awolowo University
Dr. Dupe Adelabu holds a doctorate degree in Educational Administration. Dr. Adelabu is an Associate Professor of Educational Administration at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. She has published several articles in national and international journals. She has co-authored some books on education and also contributed to several books on education. She is Management Consultant, a Fellow of the Institute of Policy and Gender Studies of Obafemi Awolowo University. Dr. Adelabu is a consultant to the World Bank, the DFID, the Universal Basic Education Commission, Nigeria. She has been involved in various consultancy work on Education, Gender and Policy Related Issues at National and International levels. She has served as resource person for UNDP, UNICEF and UNESCO on various educational issues. She was once a board member of National Teachers Insstitute. Nigeria,